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Popular stopover en route between Beijing and Moscow on the Trans-Mongolian Railway.

Provinces in Mongolia [ aymguud ]: Arhangay, Bayanhongor, Bayan-Olgiy, Bulgan, Dornod, Dornogovi, Dundgovi, Dzavhan, Govi-Altay, Hentiy, Hovd, Hovsgol, Omnogovi, Ovorhangay, Selenge, Suhbaatar, Tov, Uvs

Municipalities [ hotuud ] : Darhan, Erdenet.

Capital City of Mongolia:  Ulan Bator / Ulaanbaatar

hotels, tour operators - mongolia tours, travel guides, travel to mongolia


Hotels in Mongolia

  Bayangol Hotel
Bayangol Hotel of Mongolia is situated in the heart of Ulaanbaatar city [ Genghis Khan Avenue ]
  UB Guest House
 UB Guesthouse is the most acclaimed and biggest guesthouse in Ulaanbaatar......

  Ger Camps
These camps provide accommodation in the round felt houses used by nomads and usually have separate toilet, washing and restaurant facilities.
  Hotels in Ulaanbaatar with traditional Gers or small guest houses in rural areas
See Monand Travel & Tourism Agency

Travel Agents / Tour Operator

 Kuoni    -   Type of holidays : Escorted Tours  

 G Adventures

  Battour Travel Agency   -   adventure tours in the unspoiled landscapes of Mongolia
Horse trek through the historic Orkhon valley,  Camel trek through the dunes of Gobi Desert,  Motorcycle trip across the steppe,  Jeep tours through Chinggis Khaan's birth place,  History and cultural discovery tour in Karakorum,  Fishing in many beautiful rivers and lakes,  Hunting with Eagles in the ethnic Kazakh regions,  Visits with the Tsaatan reindeer people,  Bird watching and photosafaris throughout Mongolia and more.
  Gobi Expeditions
-  Adventure Journeys to Mongolia and Beyond for Individuals and small Groups
-  Mongolia Total Solar Eclipse & Tribal Mongolia Journeys (on 01 August'2008)
-  Hunting with Eagles in West Altai Mt: small group departure
-  Annual Camel Festival tour in south Gobi Desert
-  Annual NAADAM Festival (11-13 July): wrestling/archery/horsemanship
-  Annual Eagle Festival in Western Mongolia
-  Horse/Camel Riding trips: for beginners and experienced horsemen
-  Jeep Wildlife Safaris/Gobi Desert Overland Expeditions
-  Trans Siberian-Mongolian Railway adventure trips: (Moscow-Irkutsk-Ulaanbaatar-Beijing or reverse)
-  Tribal Mongolia (western Mongolia)
-  Wildlife (Photo) Safaris
-  Trekking Expeditions in Western Mongolia: Uvs, Khovd and Ulgii provinces
-  Historical & Cultural journeys
-  Nature and Craft tours and more …………

  Nomadic Journeys
Travel in Mongolia always means you have to be self sufficient bringing with you tents, cooks and vehicles. For individual travelers we offer some fixed departures for trekking (Yak and Camel) and horse rides (Mongol Horse Trails) to join in a small international group. At Jalman Meadows you can always go as an individual every Monday and Friday. Treks, Horse Trails,  Fish Trails,  Classical Journeys, Natural History and more..
  Roaring Roofs
International Festival of Actual Music and Gobi Summer Academy Ulan Bator and Gobi Desert.
  Samar Magic Tours 
Grand Mongolian Tour,  "Chinggis" Tourist Camp,  Trans-Mongolian Express Special Tours,  Expedition to Motherland of Chinggis Khan,  Naadam festival and much much more
  Selena Travel   -   experienced travel professionals of Mongolia
  Tsolomon Travel   -   specialized tours in Mongolia  -  Ger Camps
Horseback riding tours [ Regions: Kharkhorin, Ogij lake, Terelj, Huvsgul, Khustain Nuruu,  Khorgo-Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur lake ], Trekking tours [ Gobi-Altai mountain, Khangai & Khentii mountains, around Khorgo volcano ], Fishing tours [ Hubsgul, Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur lake, Chuluut and  Gichgene river ], Ornithological  tours [ Region Khangai,  Khentii  mountains, forest, lakes, rivers,Gobi ], Round trips, Camel trekking Gobi Regions, Combination Horse & Yak,  Camel & Horse,  Photo safari and Special trips
  Visit Mongolia   -   Mongolia-based tour company
Horse Riding | Camel Trekking | 4WD Off Road | Terelj Hiking | Naadam Festival | Gobi Desert | Lake Huvsgul | Karakorum | Ulaanbaatar | Fishing Tour|

Travel Guides Mongolia / Related books

Mongolia (Lonely Planet Country Guide) - ISBN 1741045789 Mongolia (Lonely Planet Country Guide)
Michael Kohn 
Paperback: 312 pages; Publisher: Lonely Planet Publications; 5th Revised edition edition (1 May 2008); ISBN-10: 1741045789; ISBN-13: 978-1741045789.
Mongolia (Bradt Travel Guide)
Jane Blunden 
Open to the Western world since 1990, the 'Land of Blue Sky' is one of the few places on earth where travellers can tread on undiscovered ground and explore with a true sense of adventure. Homeland of the greatest conqueror of all time, Genghis Khan, vast tracts can be discovered on horse or camel, or in the comfort of a four-wheel drive. Culture and customs are covered in detail, including the deel, the colourful national dress, herding rules and customs, Mongolian throat singing and Naadam, the annual celebration of wrestling, archery and horseriding. For those keen to sample the unique pleasures of staying with nomads, the guide also explains how and where to experience the traditional lifestyle of a Mongolian ger.
Paperback: 448 pages; Publisher: Bradt Travel Guides; 2 edition (15 Jun 2008); ISBN-10: 1841621781; ISBN-13: 978-1841621784.

Mongolia Travel Map
Map: 1 pages; Publisher: ITMB Publishing; 6Rev Ed edition (13 Jun 2006); ISBN-10: 1553413326; ISBN-13: 978-1553413325.

Transport / How do I get to Mongolia

Mongolia  -  Mongol Uls  -  former Outer Mongolia, a landlocked country in Asia, bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south.

  Ulaanbataar Airport   -   Buyant Ukhaa International Airport
18 km southwest of Ulaanbaatar.

Moscow and to Ulaanbaatar with Aeroflot,  Beijing to Ulaanbaatar with the major foreign companies and then to Ulaanbaatar with MIAT (Mongolian Airlines) or Air China,  from Berlin to Ulaanbaatar direct with MIAT

Planes offer the fastest way of getting around the country. Two or three flights per week are available to all province centers

Book cheap flights to Mongolia at ebookers and benefit from discounted airfares. View their latest offers and book your flights, accommodation, car hire and insurance online.

Mongolia Map (International Travel Maps) - ISBN 1553413326   

  Airline Tickets /  Bargain Flights  
Price comparison possible

  Trans-Mongolian Railway
Train from Moscow to Ulaanbaatar. Journey takes 5 days to get to Ulaanbaatar
Train from Beijing to Ulaanbaatar. Journey takes 30 hours to get to Ulaanbaatar

Buses to all province centers depart daily from the Intercity Bus Terminal near the Central Railroad Station. From province centers one can board a postal truck going to soum centers twice a week.

  Map Mongolia  [ Uni Texas   -   Perry-Castañeda Library  -   Map Collection ]


  Mongolian Tourism Board   -   official government website
History, education, culture, country information, hotels, ger camps, etc.

  Government   -   Website of Government Organizations of Mongolia

  Ulan Bator   -   Capital City of Mongolia
Ulaanbaatar is situated in central east Mongolia. The city spreads from east to west along a large wide valley. The main road through this valley is Enkh Taivny Orgon Choloo or Peace Avenue. The centre of the city is Sukhbaatar Square, from where all other distances are measured. Bogd Khan, Bayanzurkh, Chingeltei and Songino Khairkhan mountains surround the city. The tuul river runs from east to west in the south of the city

  Arkhangay [ russian language - rl ]
  Bayankhongor  [ rl ]
  Bayan-Ulgii [ rl ]
Eagle hunting festival [ october ]  -   Kazakh People
  Bulgan ????
  Dornod  [ rl ]
  Dornogobi Aimag
  Dundgobi [ rl ]
  Dzavhan / Zavkhan  [ rl ]
The Gobi-Altai aimak is one of the biggest aimaks of Mongolia. 721-4226 meters above the sea level. Gobi -Altai boasts its unrepeatable beauty of prohibited Khsagt Khairkhan Mountain, Great Sutai, Burkhan Buudai, Khuld, Buren, and Mother mountain, Ereen and Sangiin dalai lakes, Khaya, Zakhui, Zarman, Sharga and Biger Gobi, human stone, monuments, rock paintings, graves, many-colored formatted gobi earth and soil. Gobi-Altai aimak has an abundant source of various kind of plants, different species of plants, many types of rock paintings, mountain and field caves, founded dams, salt, saline soil and coal deposits, fruit forests and natural complexes, high sand dunes, which are always been interesting to have a look. In these surroundings you will find the Scientific and Experimental Center for Przewalskii Horse Habitat
  Hentiy / Khentii
  Hovd [ rl ]
  Hovsgol / Huvsgul [ rl ]
Shamanism as religion, traditional shamanistic rituals of the Darkhads, unique life of the tsaatan, explore the beautiful nature around Huvsgul lake by horse, walk, boat. Follow the cultural events on the ship "Sukhbaatar" , visit the village of tsaatan, enjoy the mini Naadam Mongolian of the tsaatan deer on race, participate in meetings with shamanism.
  Omnogovi /  Umnogobi   -   no web site
  Ovorhangay / uvurkhangai [rl ]
  Sukhbaatar [ rl ]
  Tuv  /  Tov [ rl ]
  Uvs aimag 
Uvs aimag is located in the middle of great lakes and 1336 km away from Ulaanbaatar. It has mountainous region of Altai, larger lakes of Mongolia such as Uvs, Khyargas, Achit, Uureg, Khar us, mountain ranges of Kharkhiraa, Turgen, Khankhukhii, and a lot of mild stream rivers such as Te, Zavkhan, Nariin, Khundlun, Khun, Nariin, Khundlun. So we have large scale of possibility to swim, sunbathe and climb. A resort named Khar termes which located in the river of Khyargas river, is suitable for curing in spring, swimmiing in lake, sunbathing in the sand.

  Darhan / Darkhan Uul  [ russian language ]

  Amarbayasgalant Monastery
Located 360 km north of Ulaanbaatar, this monastery is one of the favourite destinations for visitors. It can be reached by jeep or by a combination of local train and motor vehicle ride.  Built in 1727-1736, the Monastery was the second most important in Mongolia after Erdene
  Bayanzag Valley [ where some of the world's oldest dinosaur fossils have been found ]
  Camel Festival
The Mongolian two-humped Bactrian camel is nicknamed among the local people as the Gobi Ship. It inhabits the Gobi desert area in the southern part of Mongolia. Because is an inseparable part of life for nomadic Mongolians, it has become a tradition in Mongolia to organize Camel Festival every year.
  Eagle hunting festival [ october ]
One of the oldest and the most revered and spectacular celebrations for Kazakh people, passed down generation to generation, is Hunting with especially trained eagles. It exhibits the real pride of the Kazakhs. They hold annually an exceptional feast called the Hunting Eagle festival in the extreme western area of majestic Altai mountains, river glaciers and beautiful landscape of Mongolia's Bayan-Ulgii aimag.
  Gobi Desert
The Gobi Desert is a vast zone of desert and desert steppe covering almost 30 percent of the Mongolian territory. Often imagined as a lifeless desert like in many other parts of the world, most part of the Gobi Desert is a land of steppes, home for camel breeders and rich with wildlife and vegetation. Mongolians consider that there are 33 different Gobi's, where sandy desert occupies only 3 percent of the total territory. Climate is extreme with 40 degrees Celsius in summer and severe winters.
  Huvsgul Lake
Mongolia's ancient capital, Kharakhorum, Chinggis Khaan's fabled city, was founded in 1220 in the Orkhon valley, at the crossroads of the Silk Road. It was from there that the Mongol Empire governed, until Khubilai Khaan moved it to Beijing. The symbolic ruins of Kharakhorum (kharkhorin), monumental walls (400 m of length ) with 108 stupas, surround the first Buddhist monastery in Mongolia Erdene Zuu Monastery, built in 1586.  Since 1990, it has become an active monastery again.
  Manzshir Monastery   -   established in 1733
Located in the luxuriant valley of the Bogd Khan Mountain in Tuv aimag, and one hour drive from Ulaanbaatar. Destroyed in 1932. Only one remaining temple has been restored and a museum at the site tells the story of the monastery.
  Naadam Festival   -   event
The Naadam Festival, a traditional celebration inherited from olden days, is the biggest national event for the Mongolians. The word "Naadam" means "games". The festival's full title is Eriin Gurvan Naadam, which can be translated as the Three Manly Games. They consist of wrestling, horseracing and archery. It is a tradition for the strongest wrestlers, for the fastest horses and expert marksmen from all over the Mongolian countryside to gather to test their courage, strength and coolness.
The Naadam festival, celebrated each summer, originated many centuries ago as a test of courage, strength, daring, horsemanship,and marksmanship, all necessary for a nomadic people and warriors. The largest celebration is held in Ulaanbaatar.
  Scientific and Experimental Center for Przewalskii Horse Habitat
This center is located in the Eastern or Altain Uvur Gobi region, Takhiin /wild horse's/ field, Bugat soum, Gobi-Altai aimak, which is 1300 km far form Ulaanbaatar City.
In support of the Mongolian National Commission of Endangered Species Protection, International Przewalskii horse protection group, Deutsche citizen Christian Osvald's foundation, and Swedish citizen Drote Stamp foundation, Przewalskii horse habitat is successfully carried out in Mongolia. 5 Przewalskii horses was brought in 1992 for the first time.
  Sunrise to Sunset International Ultra-Marathon
Mongolian Sunrise to Sunset International Ultra-Marathon has already been set to be organized every year in Mongolia at scenic Lake Huvsgul National park, a picturesque combination of Mongolia's biggest fresh lake of Huvsgul, and dense forests and majestic mountains surrounding it. Runners from all tha five continents participate in the event.
  Tsagaan Sar or the White Month   -   Mongolian Lunar Calendar New Year  -  event
The calendar uses a base system of twelve, with the century consisting of twelve years, the year of twelve months and the day of 12 hours. According to Mongol-Tibetan cosmology, the world is built on the interaction of five elements - iron, earth, fire, water and wood - whose colours are white, yellow, red, black and blue respectively. Each year comes five times under the signs of the five elements, thus making a sixty year cycle

  Mass Media In Post-Revolution Mongolia   -   article by John Williams
  Mongolian Electronic Mass Media   -   report on the status of mass media in Mongolia.
  Magazine   -   Ger   -   online magazine on contemporary Mongolia
  Magazine   -   Mongolia Today   -   online magazine Chinggis Khaan
Travel Routes, Mongolia Maps, Ulanbataar maps, Accommodation, Basic Momgolian, Getting Around,  Museums, Dining Out and more
  News from Mongolia   -   Montsame News Agency
Nnational news agency of Mongolia (in English, Mongolian, and Russian).
  OneWorld News Service - Mongolia   -   collection of articles on Mongolia.
  Press Institute of Mongolia  -  in Mongolian
  Radio   -   Voice Of Mongolia
Broadcasting eight hours a day in Mongolian, English, Chinese, Russian, and Japanese.

Cuisine  -  Mongolian Recipes

In Mongolia, the diet depends on region. In the south, a lot of mutton, camel and camel dairy products are eaten. In the mountains, however, beef is much more common.
Yak's butter is also used, made by milking a yak and then using conventional butter-making techniques. It is a very important food source to the Mongols .... and a fuel for lamps.

  All Mongolian Recipes  -  The Food of the Nomads
They've collected all the contemporary Mongolian recipes that we could find. The most well known dish might be the Buuz [ steamed filled pockets ]. Among the drinks the traditional Milk Tea, and Ayrag fermented from mare's milk. But this is just a small display out of the variety of Mongolian food. Allow these recipes to surprise you!


Independence: 13 March 1921 (from China)

In 1206 AD, a single Mongolian state was formed based on nomadic tribal groupings under the leadership of Chinghis Khan (see Genghis Khan). He and his immediate successors conquered nearly all of Asia and European Russia and sent armies as far as central Europe and Southeast Asia. Genghis Khan's grandson Kublai Khan, who conquered China and established the Yuan dynasty (1279-1368 AD), gained fame in Europe through the writings of Marco Polo.

  Mongolia's History   -   Wikipedia
Before Chinggis Khan, Mongol Empire, Chagatai Khanate, Golden Horde, Ilkhanate, Yuan Dynasty, Northern Yuan, Oyirad, Jüün Ghar Empire, Qing Dynasty, Independent Mongolia, Inner Mongolia, Buryat Republic, Kalmykia, Timeline Mongolia

  National History Museum
Here you will get an overview of the geography, flora and fauna of Mongolia. Of special interest is an outstanding collection of dinosaur bones, which were found in the Gobi Desert. First sensational discovery of dinosaur bones were made by the expedition of adventurous American, Roy Chapman Andrews back in 20s
  Winter Palace of Bogd Khan
This is the only remaining palace out of four residences where Bogd Khaan, the last Mongolian ruler, resided. This palace now displays the collection of personal belongings of the last Khaan and his wife. The museum offers a wide variety of Buddhist arts.

Music, Arts & Culture, Events

  Music of Mongolia   -   Long-songs, Horse-head fiddle, Throat singing

  Culture of Mongolia
96% of the Mongolia's population are Vajrayana Buddhists in the Tibetan tradition....
  Mongolian Culture

Mongolian (Lonely Planet Phrasebook S.) 
Alan Saunders, Jantsangiyn Bat-Ireediu, J. Bat-Ireedui
This phrasebook covers basic Mongolian. It includes sections on food, with details on local cooking methods, food available and common dishes.
Paperback 208 pages (September 25, 1995);  Publisher: Lonely Planet Publications;  Language: English;  ISBN: 086442308X

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