SOMALIA > AFRICA > INDEX
Holidays in Somalia - Visitor information Somalia.
Puntland, Somaliland, and Somalia.
Regions in Somalia [ gobolka ]: Awdal, Bakool, Banaadir, Bari, Bay, Galguduud, Gedo, Hiiraan, Jubbada Dhexe, Jubbada Hoose, Mudug, Nugaal, Sanaag, Shabeellaha Dhexe, Shabeellaha Hoose, Sool, Togdheer, Woqooyi Galbeed.
Towns / cities in Somalia : Berbera, Borama, Bosaso, Garowe, Hargeysa, Kisimayo, Marka
Somalia, country on the Horn of Africa [ East Africa ] with a coastline that borders the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean. From the western border it is bounded by Kenya and Ethiopia and, to the northwest, by Djibouti.
Capital City Somalia: Mogadishu [ in Somali, Muqdisho or Xamar; in colonial Italian rendering, Mogadiscio ].
hotels, tour operators, travel guides, travelling to somalia
Centrally located hotels ranging from small family run budget accommodation to world-class five star hotels.
Hostels / Rest Houses / Lodges
In many villages there are stately owned Rest Houses with accommodation for 4-10 persons
The national parks in Bush-Bush, at Lac Badana and in other Regions offer Lodges as tourist accommodations.
Travel Agencies / Tour Operators
Create your trip to Somali - Flight, Hotel and Car
Travel Guides Somalia / Related Books
Understanding Somalia and Somaliland: Culture, History and Society
Ioan Lewis (Author)
Located on the horn of East Africa, Somalia has been plagued by political unrest and violence for many years now. Local, clan-based political conflicts
have been complicated by western interaction as pact of the 'War on Terror', but few comprehend these events that are taking place. Written by the global
authority on Somalia, this succinct volume highlights the salient aspects of the history and culture of the Somali people, distilling for the non-specialist in a
readily accessible form Ioan Lewis s vast erudition on all things Somali. He also addresses developments in the Somali political region since the collapse
of the Republic in 1991, including accounts of the functioning and democratic state of Somaliland, which still awaits international recognition, of the various
autonomous regions, such as Puntland, and of the Islamist movement that under the banner of the Islamic Courts Union brought a brief but astonishing
period of stability to much of Southern Somalia in late 2006. There are also chapters on the urban culture of Benadiri Somalis that illustrate the complexity
of what constitutes 'Somaliness'. In early 2007 America and its regional ally, Ethiopia, intervened militarily to install a regime in Mogadishu more to their liking than the allegedly Al Qaeda
-influenced Islamic Courts government. This book provides the essential historical and political background to
a little-understood culture and people whose predicament continues to hold the world s attention.
Paperback: 176 pages; Publisher: C Hurst & Co Publishers Ltd (18 Sep 2008); ISBN-10: 1850658986; ISBN-13: 978-1850658986.
Bandits on the Border: The Last Frontier in the Search for Somali Unity
Bandits on the Border revisits the pan-Somalian nationalism of the 1960s when Kenyan Somalis attempted to
secede and join the Somalia State that had been created after the merger of former British Somaliland and the
Italian Trusteeship. This is the first insider's analysis of the so-called Shifta secessionist war and its
degeneration into the apolitical banditry. It examines how it was affected by the Cold War, compares it with
other African secessionist wars and explores the connections with America's war on international terrorism.
Paperback 285 pages (July 1, 2005); Publisher: Red Sea Press; Language: English; ISBN: 1569022275
Transport / How do I travel to Somali
Borama International Airport
Mogadishu Airport [ MGQ ] - 6 km west of the city.
Hargeisa Airport [ HGA ]
Book cheap flights to Somalia at ebookers and benefit from discounted airfares. View their latest offers and book your flights, accommodation, car hire and insurance online
Airline Tickets / Bargain Flights - Flights Somalia / Price comparison possible
Maps International -
Guides East Africa
Mapsinternational.co.uk is one of the largest map shops online.
Map Somalia [ Uni Texas - Perry-Castaņeda Library - Map Collection ]
Mogadishu - Capital City Somaliland - see Hageisa Coty [ with popups! ]
Awdal is a region in northwestern Somalia. Its capital is Borama. The region takes name from an ancient empire, the Adal Sultanate, whose power rose in the 16th century.
Bakool - a region in central Somalia
Located inland in the area between the two great rivers of Somalia, the Jubba and the Shabeelle. It is
bordered in the north by the Somali region of Ethiopia. Towns are inter alia Tiyeeglow, Wajid and Yeed. The
capital city is Huddur, a town near the border with Ethiopia and owes its importance as a water resource,
making it the oasis and watering station for cattle. The main Somali clan in Bakool are the Rahanweyn.
The region lies on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Mogadishu. Geographically, the region is entirely occupied by
a wide coastal strip, from the town of Warshiikh north of Mogadishu to the river Juba in the south and has always been inhabited by a diverse population.
Bari [Somali language: East] is a region in northeastern Somalia or in de facto the autonomous region of
Puntland. Its capital Boosaaso (Bender Cassim), is the right to the sea. Previously, this region lived mainly from
fishing. This is also the reason why several cities are located on the coast: Qandala, Qaw, Aluula, Hafun and
Bandarbeyla. The highest point in this region is Mount Bahaya (2200 meters); other notable peaks include Karkoor. Most of the inhabitants of the Bari region belong to the Darod Somali clan.
Bay is an administrative region in southern Somalia. Its capital is Baidoa. The Bay region is one of the most
populated regions of Somalia. The residents of Bay mostly belong to the Somali clan of Rahanweyn, but also the Hawiye and smaller minorities are represented.
The region's capital is Dhusa Mareb, and its largest city and commercial center is Abudwak. Cadaado is a hub
of business activity. Partly because of its strategic location, connecting southern Somalia with the nation's
northern regions. Cadaado's Xinlabi district is the only source of natural salts in the country. The district of
Ceelbuur is an historic place. It has various mineral resources, including the largest deposits of uranium in Africa
Gedo is an administrative region (gobolka) formerly part of the historic Upper Juba Region, Somalia. Gedo's
regional capital is Garbahaarreey. The most populous towns in Gedo are Bardera and Beled Haawo (Balad Xaawo or Buulo Xaawo).
Hiiraan is an administrative region in central Somalia. Its capital is Beledweyne. It consists of low hills and
outwash plain. The Shebelle River flows into the region from Ethiopia and flows past the capital.
Jubbada Dhexe [ Middle Juba ] is an administrative region in southern Somalia in the historical region of
Jubaland. Its capital is Bu'aale. The region is named after the Jubba River that runs through it.
Jubbada Hoose [ Lower Juba ] is an administrative region in the traditional region of Jubaland in southern
Somalia. Its capital is Kismaayo, a port city near the mouth of the Jubba River, where that river flows into the
Indian Ocean. The city, along with the surrounding region, was part of the Ajuuraan Empire in the medieval
period. Kismayo Airport, which was formerly a Somali Air Force training base, is situated about 10 km from the city. See City of Kismaayo web portal.
Mudug is an administrative region in north-central Somalia. Its capital is the city of Galkacyo. Two other
important cities in this region are Goldogob and the coastal town of Hobyo. The people of Mudug belong mainly to the Somali clans of the Hawiye and Darod.
Nugaal is located in the northeastern part of the country, and its capital is Garoowe. A major geographic feature of the region is the Nugaal Valley. Nugaal takes its name from the river Nugaal.
Sanaag is a region in northern Somalia. Its capital city is Ceerigaabo (Erigavo). It has a long coastline facing the Gulf of Aden to the north.
Shabeellaha Dhexe [ Middle Shabele ] is an administrative region in southern Somalia. The town of Jowhar is
its capital. It's named after the river Shabeelle that passes through this region. The region has a 400 km coastline on Indian Ocean.
Shabeellaha Hoose [ Lower Shabele ] is an administrative region in southern Somalia. Its capital is Marka. Lower Shabele is named after the Shebelle River, which passes through it.
Sool is a region in northern Somalia. Its regional capital is Las Anod (Laascaanood). The region is historically
known for being the seat of the anti-colonial movement referred to as the Darwiish. Las Anod is strategically
positioned along trade routes in northwestern Somalia. The city Las Anod was part of the Dervish State until 1921, when it was incorporated into the former British Somaliland protectorate.
Togdheer is an administrative region in Somaliland, a de facto independent republic which is recognized as a
part of Somalia. Its capital is Burco (Burao). The region's name is derived from the Togdheer River. Togdheer is located in the northern and to the south it borders the Somali region of Ethiopia.
Woqooyi Galbeed is a region in Somaliland, a de facto independent republic which is recognized as a part of
Somalia. Its capital is Hargeisa. The highest point in this region is Mount Buuraha Wagar (2004 meters), which rises southeast of Berbera.
For the latest developmens see Wikipedia
Borama - city in the northwestern Awdal region of Somalia.
The commercial seat of the province and situated near the border with Djibouti and Ethiopia. Borama is a
mountainous and hilly city, has green meadows and fields, and represents a key focal point for wildlife.
Burao - capital city of the Togdheer province in Somaliland
Burao was the site of the unilateral and internationally unrecognized declaration of an independent Somaliland on May 18, 1991.
Burao Airport has flights with Daallo Airlines to Hargeisa, Addis Ababa, San'a and other cities in Somaliland
and Somalia. An all weather road connects Burao to the port of Berbera via the escarpment town of Sheekh.
The beaches are protected by a Coral Reef, stretching from Mogadishu till the Kenyan border and is one of the longest reef in the world.
The two rivers in the country, Juba und Shebelle, origin from the Ogaden region in Ethiopia.
Shimbiris [ 2416 m ] - highest point in Somalia
The low-lying coastal plains, running some 70 km inland with a very hot summer climate.
News Somalia - Somaliland News
TV Somalia - Somali TV Online
United Nations in Somalia
University Borama - Amoud University
Cuisine - Somalia Foods / Recipes
From region to region Somali cuisine varies and a mixture of native Somali, Ethiopian, Yemeni, Persian, Turkish, Indian and Italian influences.
History of Somalia
Independence: 1 July 1960 (from a merger of British Somaliland, which became independent from the UK on
26 June 1960, and Italian Somaliland, which became independent from the Italian-administered UN trusteeship on 1 July 1960, to form the Somali Republic)
The Republic of Somaliland known as the Somaliland Protectorate under the British rule from 1884 until June,
26th 1960 when Somaliland got its independence from Britain. On July 1st 1960 it joined the former Italian
Somalia to form the Somali Republic. The union did not work according to the aspirations of the people, and
the strain led to a civil war from 1980s onwards and eventually to the collapse of the Somali Republic. After
the collapse of the Somali Republic, the people of Somaliland held a congress in which it was decided to withdraw from the Union with Somalia and to reinstate Somaliland's sovereignty.
Somalia's History - Wikipedia
Early History, Colonial Era, World War II, Independence Somalia, Siad Barre's regime [ 1969 coup d'etat,
Supreme Revolutionary Council, Siad Barre and Scientific Socialism, The Language and Literacy Issue,
Creation of the Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party ], Somalia, 1980-90 [ Entrenching Siad Barre's personal
rule, Repression, Persecution of the Majeerteen, Oppression of the Isaaq, Harrying of the Hawiye ], Somalian Civil War, Recent History.
A Modern History of the Somali: Nation and State in the Horn of Africa (Eastern African Studies)
This text covers topics such as: before partition; the imperial partition - 1860-97; the dervish fight for freedom
- 1900-20; Somali unification - the Italian East African empire; from trusteeship to independence - 1950-60; the problems of independence; the Somali revolution - 1969-76.
Paperback 352 pages (December 1, 2002); Publisher: James Currey Publishers; Language: English; ISBN: 0852554834.
Richard F. Burton - Sir Richard Francis Burton (1821-1890)
Explorer, ethnographer, and man of letters. Pilgrim to Mecca and Harar; discoverer of Lake Tanganyika; translator of the Arabian Nights; controversialist and iconoclast. See also Burtoniana.org and works by Burton at Project Gutenberg
Music, Arts & Culture, Events
Music of Somalia - styles, techniques and sounds
Most Somali songs are pentatonic; that is, they only use five pitches per octave. See Overview, History Somali music, Music institutions, List of Somali singers, songwriters and instrumentalists.
Somali art is characterized by its aniconism, partly as a result of the vestigial influence of the pre-Islamic mythology of the Somalis coupled with their ubiquitous Muslim beliefs.
Culture of Somalia - Wikipedia
Somali Cultural History, Clan System and Marriage, Somali Language, Religion.
Literature of Somalia
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